First of all, what flower comes up to your mind as a symbol flower of Japan?
Probably, Sakura (Cherry blossoms), right?
Sakura is the cultural icon of Japan, while Chrysanthemum is the Imperial Emblem of Japan.
Perfect-symmetric 16-petal Chrysanthemum is thought to be official Japanese flower.
Image from here.
Chrysanthemum is one of the people's favorite flowers for their wide range of
colors, shapes, and sizes.
The cut flowers are long-lasting and clear the air indoors.
Among all the numerous varieties, chrysanthemums developed from wild ones
in different local places of Japan are called "wagiku", or Japanese Mums,
with unique colors and shapes.
In particular, classical Chrysanthemums developed in Heian and Kamakura
Periods (794-1333) are unique and distinctive.
"Saga-giku", Chrysanthemum Grandiflorum cv. Saga, was cultivated exclusively
at Daikaku-ji Temple in Saga, Kyoto.
They look like brushes with many thread-like thin petals.
"Higo-giku", Chrysanthemum grandiflorum 'Higo', from Kumamoto Pref.,
has sparse petals.
"Choji-giku", Arnica mallatopus, from Fukushima Pref, have hemispherical
ball of petals at the center.
Can you identify which is Saga-giku, Higo-giku or Choji-giku from the mosaic?
Chrysanthemums with big flowers are tied to their own stake like Dahlia
as they tend to break at the base of the stems.
Chrysanthemums trimmed into cone shapes.
Chrysanthemum Dolls were displayed at the roof of Nara Park Bus Terminal
in early November.
They are life-sized handcrafted figures clad in clothes made of Chrysanthemum
flowers and leaves.
The figures are mostly from popular period dramas or folktales.
The exhibition featured seven people representative of Asuka Period (592-710),
the cradle of Japanese culture, right before the capital was moved to Nara.